What is Codonopsis Root
Codonopsis pilosula, also called Codonopsis, Codonopsis Root, Dang shen or poor man’s ginseng.
Codonopsis Root is one of the well-known Chinese traditional medicines. It is also one of the five most famous herb medicines of Gansu Province.
There are about 40 species of plants of the genus codonopsis all over the world, including about 39 species in China.Generally, Codonopsis Root mainly refers toCodonopsis pilosula (Franch.) Nannf.,Codonopsis pilosula Nannf. var. modesta (Nannf.) L.T.Shen and Codonopsis tangshen Oliv.
Codonopsis Root is long cylindrical, slightly curved, 10 to 35 cm long, 0.4 ~ 2 cm in diameter.
It has special smells and tastes a little sweet.
According to the records of the traditional Chinese medicine, Codonopsis Root Powder has the function of Bu Zhong Yi Qi, Jian Pi Yi Fei which means has a very good effect of protecting lungs.
During the recent years, with the continuous development of modern medical science and technology, the study of chemical composition and clinical application of Codonopsis Root Powder are becoming more and more in depth. And scientific experiments have proved that Codonopsis root powder has good curative effect in the treatment of coronary heart disease, hyperlipidemia, low blood pressure disease and functional uterine bleeding disease.
Chemical Constituents of Codonopsis Root Powder
Codonopsis root powder have many functions in the clinical applications, these all about codonopsis root containing terpenoids, carbohydrates, amino acids (lysine, methionine, leucine, glycine, phenylalanine, etc.) and a variety of inorganic elements.
For example, Inulin in the Codonopsis root powder has an important influence on the formation of the blood. The calcium in the Codonopsis root powder can promote growth and enhance sexual function. Potassium, sodium, magnesium and other elements in the Codonopsis root powder can adjust the function of nerve, muscle and metabolic enzymes and they also play an important role to maintain water and electrolyte balance. In general, although the effect of Codonopsis root powder is weaker than ginseng extract powder, it has the basic functions similar with ginseng extract powder.
Through the analysis of Codonopsis root powder, there are a variety of chemical composition was found in the Codonopsis root powder as the following：
1 Terpenoids in Codonopsis root powder
Including cork ketone, dandelion terpene alcohol and dandelion terpene alcohol ethyl acetate, etc., in addition, Codonopsis root powder also contains another two terpenoids called oleanolic acid and sac acid.
2 Saccharides and Glycosides in Codonopsis root powder
Codonopsis root powder contains Saccharides such as monosaccharides, oligosaccharide and polysaccharides. And monosaccharides are mainly fructose, Oligosaccharides are mainly inulin etc. Polysaccharides are the main ingredients of Codonopsis root powder Saccharides, and Codonopsis root powder Polysaccharides are mainly Heteropolysaccharides.
3 Tangshenosides in Codonopsis root powder
Codonopsis root powder contains tangshenosides（Ⅰ，Ⅱ，Ⅲ，Ⅳ），Is hexyl — beta — D dextrose glucoside, alpha — D — fructose ethanol glucoside, clove glucoside and beta D glucose to ethanol glucoside.
4 Steroids in Codonopsis root powder
Codonopsis root powder contains Alpha bo’s sterol, alpha bo’s sterone and alpha — bo’s sterol — beta — D glucose glucoside, stigmasterol, bean sterone and stigmasterol — beta — D dextrose glucoside, bean steroid enol — beta — D dextrose glucoside, etc.
5 Flavonoids in Codonopsis root powder
Codonopsis root powder contains Ke yili foline, alfalfa, han scutellarin and mignonette, etc.
6 Volatile oils in Codonopsis root powder
Codonopsis volatile oil is more complex, often composed of dozens of ingredients, mainly contain aldehydes, alcohols, fatty acids, fatty acid ester, alkanes, alkenes, etc.
7 Amino acids in Codonopsis root powder
According to research, codonopsis contains at least 17 kinds of amino acids including 7 kinds of essential amino acids: threonine, valine, methionine, isoleucine, leucine, phenylalanine and lysine.
8 Microelements in Codonopsis root powder
Codonopsis root contains many microelements, such as Ca, Mg, zinc, Fe, Cu, Mn, etc.
9 Alkaloids in Codonopsis root powder
Alkaloids in Codonopsis root are including Codonopsis alkali and 5 — hydroxy — 2 — hydroxy methyl pyridine, etc.
How Codonopsis Root Extract Works
Codonopsis Root is best known as substitute of Ginseng which is called herb king in China. So why Codonopsis is so miraculous, you may understand after you know about the ingredients in the Codonopsis Root extract.
Inulin play an important role in the formation of blood.
Experimental results of the mice show that Codonopsis polysaccharides can enhance physical strength, resist fatigue, resist stress and anti-aging, with non-toxic side effects to normal cells. Codonopsis alkali
Codonopsis alkali has obvious antihypertensive effect. Codonopsis root extract can improve cardiac output with none-increasing heart rate. It can also increase the amount of blood in the brain, lower limbs and organs.
In addition, the other active ingredients in Codonopsis root also have important influence to the human body, therefore, Codonopsis is also used to replace Ginseng.
What are the Benefits of Codonopsis Root Extract?
Codonopsis Root has a wide range of pharmacological effects and the pharmacological effects of Codonopsis Root are reviewed as the following:
—Codonopsis Root for Central Nervous System
Codonopsis has inhibitory effect on the central nervous system.Codonopsis Root extract can extend the sleep time caused by traditional hypnotics pentobarbital sodium and it shows the calming effect.In addition, the Codonopsis Root extract could promote the memory and improve the disorder of learning.
—Codonopsis Root for Cardiovascular system
Codonopsis Root can improve myocardial metabolism, improve the activity of the enzyme, enhance myocardial mitochondrial function, and play an important role to relieve exercise-induced myocardial fatigue.
Codonopsis Root can improve myocardial superoxide dismutase (sod) activity and reduce mda content, decrease the release of creatine kinase, improve the myocardial systolic and diastolic function obviously.
—Codonopsis Root for digestive system
As one of the effective Chinese medicine that regulates spleen and stomach function, codonopsis root has multiple effects on the digestive system. And Codonopsis Root plays a role of anti gastric ulcer and anti gastric mucosal damage. Codonopsis Root extract polysaccharide can be effective against gastric ulcer caused by pressure, acetic acid and sodium hydroxide.Also Codonopsis plays an important role in adjusting gastric bowel movement.
—Codonopsis Root for immune system
Codonopsis Root extract has obvious enhancement effect on macrophage phagocytosis activity, which is the foundation of the body’s immune enhancement.
—Codonopsis Root for anti-aging
The anti-aging effect of Codonopsis Root displays as the following:
Codonopsis Root can reduce the damage rate of the central nervous system, Delay the aging of the hypothalamic endocrine network and improve the function of the central nervous system indirectly, so as to achieve the purpose of anti-aging.
Codonopsis polysaccharide can improve the body’s immune function, clear the free radicals, reduce the degree of lipid peroxidation and improve the body’s physiological function, so as to play the role of anti-aging.
—Codonopsis Root for other functions
Studies have found that Codonopsis Root have the function of anti-cancer and anti-bacterial etc.
Dosages of Garcia Codonopsis Root Extract
There is no proven safe or effective dose for adults. Traditionally, 3-9 grams of codonopsis decoction has been used; some conditions may require dosages up to 30 grams per day.
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