- What is Ganoderma Lucidm(Reishi )?
Ganoderma is a genus of polypore mushrooms which lives in the mountains with high humidity and dimly lit.
There are so many kinds of Reishi mushrooms, but generally the Reishi are refer to Chizhi, with botanical name Ganoderma Lucidum.
Reishi is characterized by basidiocarps that are large, perennial, woody brackets also called «conks». They are lignicolous and leathery either with or without a stem. The fruit bodies typically grow in a fan-like or hoof-like form on the trunks of living or dead trees. They have double-walled, truncate spores with yellow to brown ornamented inner layers.
Reishi was widely used in Asian traditional medicines for thousands of years, especially in traditional Chinese medicine. Reishi are mainly grown in central China, especially in the Anhui Dabieshan. As early as in Ming dynasty, Li shizhen, one of China’s greatest medical scientist, wrote in his Ben Cao Gang Mu that Reishi grown in Dabieshan had the best curative effect.
- Chemical constituents of Reishi
Triterpenes: Reishi is source of a group of Triterpenes, also known as ganoderic acids. It is also responsible for the bitter taste of Reishi.
Based on the different chemical skeletons of ganoderic acids, more than 100 kinds of Triterpenes have been identified in the fruit body of the Ganoderma Lucidum including ganoderic acids A, ganoderic acids B, ganoderic acids C, ganoderic acids D, ganoderic acids E etc.Scientists from Japan attach great importance to the content of ganoderic acids, they think the more content of the ganoderic acids, the better Reishi will be.
Polysaccharides: There are more than 200 kinds of Polysaccharides has been identified by the scientists in the Reishi. They are mainly including Beta-Glucans, B-D Glucans, Crude Polysaccharide and Polysaccharide D6.
Also scientists have claimed that Reishi are rich in other active compounds such as sterol, fungal lysozyme, alkaloids, proteins, riboflavin, ascorbic acid and lipids.
- How does Reishi work?
As we have known, Reishi is a magic herb with so many benefits to human beings. But how does Reishi work? After you see the active compounds of the Reishi, you may know why it is so miraculous.
Reishi has rich content of Polysaccharides, and the Polysaccharides have powerful medicinal properties that has been confirmed to adjust immunity in both way, anti-cancer, regulate blood sugar level, anti-oxidant, anti-asthmatic, anti-hyperlipidemic, radioresistant etc.
Also Reishi has rich content of triterpenes, also called ganoderic acids which have powerful medicinal properties to inhibit cancer cell growth, relieve pain, sedation, allergy, protect liver.
Other active compounds found in Reishi also gives the potential medicinal properties which enhance immune system and provide better blood circulation, treat anxiety, high blood pressure, hepatitis, bronchitis, insomnia.
- Benefits of Reishi
It has been confirmed by many scientists that the Anti-tumor function of Reishi is through enhancing the immunologic function. The active compounds in Reishi, especially polysaccharose and triterpenes, could improve body’s nonspecific immunity, enhance the immunity of the body cells and body fluids, so as to promote the generation of cellular immune factors, then produce the effect of inhibiting tumor. And also, experiment has confirmed that the active components of Reishi is no direct cell poison effect, but it can enhance the body’s anti-tumor immunity, and indirect inhibition of tumor cell growth and induce tumor cells apoptosis, and thus may play a role of anti-tumor.
Reishi can significantly improve the macrophage phagocytosis index and phagocytosis percentage, and the stronger the activity of macrophages, the higher the body’s immunity. Macrophages play an important role in the immune system, not only related to the specific immune, are also associated with the body’s nonspecific immune defense mechanism. The phagocytosis of macrophages is the body’s mainly defense mechanisms against foreign bacteria, viruses, fungi and parasites. It is also one of the important mechanism of the anti-tumor effect.
—Improve cardiovascular disease
Reishi extract has obvious cardiotonic effect. It can strengthen the myocardial contraction force, increase the myocardial contraction amplitude and discharge, improve myocardial cell hypoxia ability. Reishi can also improve the blood circulation in coronary artery, increase coronary artery flow. And coronary artery expansion, can increase myocardial nutritional blood flow and improve myocardial circulation, and can prevent platelet activity, inhibiting platelet aggregation, prevent coronary atherosclerosis plaque formation, improve the function of adrenal cortex, and delay the atherosclerosis plaque, prevent myocardial infarction.
Reishi has the ability to promote the pancreas producing insulin, accelerating blood microcirculation of the pancreas skin, improving the pancreas’ function. Then to correct the body’s metabolism disorders of the sugar, protein, fat, to restore the original state of metabolic balance.
Besides, it has been researched that Reishi can improve liver function, promote the blood circulation, adjust immune system. Reishi can also accelerate the elimination of the toxins and heavy metals, and can improve human stimulate lymphocyte transformation index, increase the PHA skin test in patients with chronic hepatitis.
Other researchers has been claimed that taking Reishi can excite hematopoietic system, promote bone marrow hematopoietic function and promote the biosynthesis of the Bone marrow proteins, RNA, and DNA,etc. Reishi also can increase the amounts of hemoglobin, red blood cells, reticulate red blood cell, platelet and white blood cells, against white blood cells decline caused by chemical drugs.
Generally hepatitis refers to liver tissue damage caused by excessive toxic violation or Hepatitis b virus attacks. No matter before or after liver damage happened, taking Reishi can protect the liver and reduce the damage to the liver.
The formation of free Radicals, will accelerate the aging of human body. Reishi extract has obvious antioxidant capacity, can obviously inhibit the heart and liver lipid peroxidation effect, reducing tissue injury. Reishi can also reduce serum lipid peroxidation and obviously increase the activity of erythrocyte superoxide dismutase (SOD), then clear the super oxygen anion free radicals in the body. Tests have been proved that the Reishi could promote DNA synthesis, extend the genetic cell division algebra, prolong the life of cells, so as to slow down the ageing process.
—Improve Neurological Symptom
Reishi has a very good effect to improve nerve function, treatment of neurasthenia and other neurosis.
Specifically, Reishi can improve Insomnia, fatigue, poor memory, concentration, headache, dizziness, tinnitus, bosom frowsty, excitable and other symptoms. Because Reishi contains high content of active polysaccharides, ganoderma acid, adenine nucleoside, adenine, etc.
Clinical trials also has proved that even though Reishi for the treatment of insomnia is not faster than the western medicine, continue taking Reishi, its efficacy is very stable and without any side effects. Not only do it improve the symptoms of patients with insomnia, but meanwhile there are significant improvements of patient’s state of mind, appetite and general condition.
—Enhance Sexual Function
Reishi contains more than 17 kinds of amino acids, a variety of trace elements, vitamins and other nutrients necessary to human body health.
On the one hand, duo to the effects of clearance of oxygen free radicals, Reishi can prevent the formation of lipid peroxide in the gonads and accumulation, so as to slow down the sexual function recession. On the other hand, for the patients with sexual function recession, Reishi can improve the ability to remove lipid peroxide, strengthen the function of gonad, improve sexual function recession, meanwhile it also can improve the semen insufficient, low sexual function, senile failure, energy loss and other symptoms.
Reishi is a kind of rare beauty in the inside body, as early as in Ming dynasty, li shizhen, one of the most famous scientist in old China, pointed out in his famous pharmacopeia that Reishi has the function of beauty. Also Japan scientists have summed up the beauty function of Reishi as the following: Anti-inflammatory and antibacterial, prevent acne, prevent aging, remove spots, improve skin repair, tissue hyperplasia, prevent wrinkles, sweating, deodorization, beautify hair, increase skin elasticity, reduce dandruff, etc.
- Side effects of Reishi
Reishi is non-toxic. Ancient books recorded it was non-toxic. And also contemporary science and medical clinical tests have proved that Reishi is non-toxic and no side effects. It can be used freely. In general, Reishi can be used for food directly, also can be used for health care. Even it can be used for medicine with high doses.
6.Dosage of Reishi
The dosage of the Reishi doesn’t have a strict standard. Generally, 10g/day for one person is the minimum dosage.
There are some other Mushroom extract Polysaccharides Series available from Nutragreen biotechnology such as