Mangosteen (Garcinia mangostana Linn.) is a tropical evergreen fruit tree of the family Guttiferae, with deep reddish purple fruit, cultivated in Southeast Asian countries. In Thailand, the fruit of this plant is very popular and has been known as the “Queen of fruits”.
Mangosteen rind was found to have strong antioxidant properties, due to the high content of Xanthones. Of the 200 known xanthones, nearly 50 are found in the «Queen of Fruits”. α-, β-, γ-mangostin are the major components, the most abundant of which is α-mangosti.
1. Histamine receptor antagonist and 5-hydroxytryptamine receptor antagonist.
2. Inhibit of COX and sphingomyelinase.
3. Process similar function of estrogen, anti-oxidation.
4. Anti-bacterial, anti-malarial, anti-AIDS.
5. Treat breast cancer.
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