What is Morinda officinalis(bajitian)?
Chinese medicine is Rubiaceae Morinda Morinda root. Morinda twining herbaceous vine, was born in the valley, stream or mountain woodland, cultivated. Cultivated six to seven years to harvest. Autumn and winter excavation, excavated, cut the stems and leaves of fibrous sun at 6 to 7 into dry, with hammered flat, the sun to dry or steam about half an hour later the sun to semi-dry, and then hammer flat to dry. Morinda Chengbian cylindrical, slightly curved, unequal length, diameter 1 to 2 cm. Face sallow, rough, with longitudinal stripes, transverse rupture exposed skin Kibe, the shape of Pente, quality tough, the cross section is not flat on the skin thick, lavender, easy to peel and Kibe, Kibe yellow-brown, odorless, taste sweet, slightly astringent. Roots taste sweet slightly acrid, slightly warm, traditional Chinese herbs in the kidney, liver.
Description from Flora of China
Lianas; branches surrounded at base by persistent leafless stipules, when young strigillose, hirtellous, or pilose, becoming glabrescent and scabrous, angled, brown or bluish black. Leaves opposite; petiole 4-11 mm, densely puberulent, strigillose, hirtellous, or hirsute to glabrescent; blade drying papery, on both surfaces brown to yellow-brown, shiny to matte adaxially, matte abaxially, ovate-oblong, obovate-oblong, or elliptic, 6-13 × 3-6 cm, adaxially sparsely strigillose, hirtellous, or hirsute to glabrescent, abaxially glabrous or sparsely hirtellous along principal veins, base obtuse, rounded, cuneate, or acute, apex acute, obtuse, or rounded and abruptly mucronulate; secondary veins (4 or)5-7 pairs, with small pilosulous domatia; stipules fused into a spathe or tube, 3-5 mm, membranous, puberulent to hirtellous, truncate, on each side 2-denticulate. Inflorescence terminal; peduncles 1-7 or 15-25, umbellate or fasciculate, 0.1-1 cm, densely hirtellous to strigillose, as a group usually subtended by 1 or 2 stipuliform bracts; heads 1 per peduncle, subglobose to hemispherical, 5-7 mm in diam., 1-3- or 4-10-flowered. Flowers fused for ca. half of hypanthium, biology not noted. Calyx puberulent to glabrous; limb 1-1.5 mm, lobed for ca. 1/2; lobes 2-4, triangular, sometimes markedly unequal on an individual flower, obtuse to acute. Corolla white, campanulate or urceolate, outside puberulent, hirtellous, or glabrescent; tube 3-4 mm, inside densely villosulous from middle of tube to throat; lobes (2-)4, lanceolate or narrowly oblong, 3-4 mm, apically thickened and rostrate. Drupecetum globose to oblate, 5-11 mm in diam. Drupes fully fused, red, subglobose, 4-5 mm. Fl. May-Jul, fr. Oct-Nov.
Sparse or dense forests and thickets on mountains, also cultivated; 100-500 m. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Hainan.
Chemical constituents of Morinda officinalis(bajitian) extract?
The root contains anthraquinone components: methyl isobutyl madder pigment (rubiadin), methyl isobutyl madder ET-1 — ether (rubiadin-1-methyl ether), physcion (physcion), 2 — hydroxy hydroxymethylanthracene quinone (2-hydroxy-3-hydrox-ymethylanthraquinone), 1 — hydroxy-anthraquinone (1-hydroxyanthraquinone), 1 — hydroxy-2 — methyl-anthraquinone (1-hydroxy-2-methyl anthraquinone), 1,6 — two hydroxy -2,4 — dimethoxy-anthraquinone (1,6-dihydroxy-2 ,4-dimethoxyan-thraquinone), 1,6 — dihydroxy-2 — methoxy-anthraquinone (1,6-dihydroxy-2 -methoxyanthraquinone), 2 — methyl anthraquinone (2-methylanthraqui-none), also contains iridoid components; crystal blue glycosides (monoTCMLIBopein), four acetyl woodruff glycosides (asperuloside teTCMLIBaacetate). Also containing dextrose (glucose), mannose (mannose), β-sitosterol (β-sitosterol), palmitic acid (palmitic acid). Vitamins (vitamin) C, nonadecanoic (nonadecane), 24 — ethyl cholesteric (24-ethyl cholesterol).
Root bark contains sugar, glycosides, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, steroids, triterpenes, amino acids , organic acids ; also potassium, calcium, magnesium and other 23 kinds of metal elements, including 15 kinds of essential trace elements. Lead content in the root bark is lower than the heart wood, iron, manganese, zinc and other 16 kinds of trace elements than the wooden heart is high.
Morinda root bark of four components were isolated were identified as β-sitosterol 2 — methyl anthraquinone, methyl isobutyl madder ET-1 — ether, and 24 — ethyl cholesterol. Chloroform extract of Morinda was isolated anthraquinone compounds are: 1, 6 — dihydroxy-2 4 — dimethoxy-anthraquinone (1, 6-Dihydroxy-2, 4-dimethoxyan-thraquinone), 1 , 6 — dihydroxy-2 — methoxy-anthraquinone (1, 6-Dihydroxy-2-methoxyanthraquinone) and so on.
Benefits of taking Morinda officinalis(bajitian) extract supplements:
1 , Improve sexual performance
Morinda only contained in the «Shen Nong grass by», as a top grade, ancient herbal medicine has the record, is a traditional medicine for kidney yang. Morinda officinalis extract in China and the Far East culture was used to enhance sexual performance have a long history, commonly used to enhance the strength of male and female sexual function, can improve the deficiency weak impotence, premature ejaculation, female palace cold infertility, menstrual reconcile sex and so on.
In one study, 35 -bit by the lack of erection, premature ejaculation problems in men and 30 -bit infertility and frigidity issues of women in an open clinical trial to accept 250-300mg Morinda officinalis extract treatment and continued three months . As a result of the treatment of more than 90 % of patients admitted substantial improvement in their symptoms.
2 , Strengthen the tendons and bones, expel cold and dampness
when the liver and kidney dysfunction, manifested as weakness, fatigue and lassitude cold pain; accompanied by joint pain or chronic rheumatism, weakness, joint pain, cold, easy fatigue and pale tongue . Morinda effective in the treatment of liver and kidney dysfunction.
3 , Enhance immunity, resistance to disease invasion
Experimental results show officinalis polysaccharides can increase the juvenile thymus weight, significantly increased macrophage phagocytic percentage, and can significantly improve the mouse P-JFC formation. Description Morinda polysaccharide with adrenocorticotropic hormone and with enhanced physical role. Can enhance human immunity, reduce diseases.
4 , Anti-aging, Anti-fatigue, Anti-depressants
found: Morinda officinalis extract can significantly increase the aging mouse brain tissue glucose content; make aging rat model of brain tissue superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione over oxidase (GSH? Px) levels increased, increased activity, reduce lipid peroxidation (LPo) content, slow brain aging.
Morinda officinalis extract can significantly prolong the mice continued to swim in the water time and improve exercise capacity in the hanging line, but also reduce the mice under hypoxia oxygen consumption, increasing the duration of hypoxia. Morinda that can enhance the body reserves, increased fatigue resistance, improve the body’s stress in the hypoxic stimulation, compensatory ability.
Study found that extracts from Morinda isolated five monomers ( succinate and Nice sugar 4 months inulin-type oligosaccharides single body ) were fart with antidepressant activity.
5 , Enhance learning and memory
Morinda extract can significantly improve the D -galactose-induced spatial learning and memory decline in aging rats, especially in space exploration process to highlight that Morinda officinalis extract can enhance learning and memory.
Side effects and safety of Morinda officinalis(bajitian) extract
According to clinical study, Momrindae officinalis extract appears to be nontoxic. No significant side effects should be expected at normal dosage. Researches found that the following side effects could occur only in doses above 1000mgs a day in some cases: irritability, insomnia and unpleasant sensations.
Dosage of Dosage of Morinda officinalis(bajitian) extractsupplement:
Tablets and capsules containing Momrindae officinalis extract is available in many strengths, ranging from 200 mg up to 500 mg. A typical dose would be 300 mg capsules taken three times a day.