1 What is Panax Ginseng Extract?
Chinese ginseng is belonging to the genus Panax of the family Araliaceae. According to the history of the earth and the history of the plant kingdom, The origin of the plants of the genus panax ginseng is during the cretaceous period.
Ginseng is the famous and precious traditional Chinese medicine with the longest history of application, its medicinal value has been recognized earlier in the world. In the year 1843, Russia botanist C.A.Meyer called them Panax ginseng C.A.Meyer that is recognized all over world.
Also Ginseng pronunciation in the Manchu is “ao’ erhouda”, “ao’ erhou” is a general term of grass and “da” means the king, so “ao’ erhouda” means “the king of grass”.
The earliest Shen Nong’s Herbal Classic in China classified panax ginseng as the top grade herb, which was recognized with prominent effects of nourishing, sturdiness, benefit to intelligence, vigor and life prolonging. The modern medical research proves that panax ginseng extract has many functions such as improvement of the human immunity, anticancer, fatigue resistance, anoxia resistance, radiation resistance and senility resistance, etc. and good treatment effect on coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, anemia, nerve function disease and diabetes, etc.
2 Chemical constituents of Panax Ginseng Extract
Because of the excellent efficacy of panax ginseng extract nourishing and strong effect on human body, more and more chemical scientist are attracted to study the constituents of the panax ginseng extract. Due to the progress of the chemical analysis method, during the past thirty years, panax ginseng component separation, purification and structure identification obtained great progress:
3 How does Panax Ginseng Extract work?
As we have known Panax Ginseng is called herb king in China. But why it is so honorable, you may understand after you see this.
Ginsenosides, which is the mainly chemical constituent of the panax ginseng, has a wide range of medical effects. According to the scientific research,
Ginsenosides is main composed of Ra1~3, Rb1~3, Rc, Rd, Re, Rf, Rg1~3.
-Rg1: Promote lymphocyte karyokinesis, promote, medulla cell synthesize
-Rh1 & Rg2: Resume White blood cell and red blood cell
-Rb1: Restrian centrum nerve system
-Rh2: Restrain cancer cell proliferate
-Re: Expand blood vessel.
Polysaccharide, panax ginseng extract has a rich content of Polysaccharides which have the function of adjusting immunity, anti-tumor, antiulcer, falling blood sugar, etc.
Volatile oil is also an important content of Panax ginseng extract powder. As we all have know, volatile oil has a good effect ofpromoting blood circulation and removing blood stasis, antimicrobial, heat-clearing and detoxifying, etc.
Also, there are other constituents in the panax ginseng, which have a wide range of chemical effects that has been researched by scientists.
4 Benefits of Panax Ginseng Extract
International communities are taking efforts to find new treatments to turn or stop neurodegenerative diseases. Panax Ginseng extract can increase of brain glucose uptake and can make the utilization of glucose from anaerobic metabolism to aerobic metabolism. Also Panax Ginseng extract can increase a quarter of the freedom of inorganic phosphorus in the cerebral cortex and can synthetic more ATP for activities such as learning and memory.
By discussing different ginsenosides in Panax ginseng root extract effects on learning and memory, Panax ginseng extract has obvious promoting effect on improving learning ability and memory facilitation. It is generally believed that Rg1 and Rb1 effect is better and the Rg1 as best. Rg1 can affect to improve cognitive function, increase «working memory (WM). Clinical trials also found that Panax ginseng extract had a good curative effect in patients with alzheimer’s disease and can improve cognitive ability of alzheimer’s disease (AD) and so on.
In a word, research of panax ginseng extract on enhancing memory has caught the attention of more and more scientists.
Immunity is the body’s own defense mechanisms, it can help identifying and eliminating any foreign matter.
Pharmacodynamics study confirms that the Panax ginseng extract gisenosides Rg1 can increase the normal mice spleen, thymus gland weight and enhance the phagocytosis of macrophages. Panax ginseng extract ginsenosides Rh1 can promote the spleen cell proliferation and induce T cell proliferation.
In addition, a rare active material in the Panax ginseng extract called ginsenosides Rh2, with efficient non-toxic, it belongs to the natural small molecule, and it is almost completely off sugar molecules and easy through the blood brain barrier. It can activate the whole immune system through activate T cells and other immune factors.
—Improve Cardiovascular Function
In the matter of improving cardiovascular function, experiments have been confirmed that Panax ginseng extract has the excitement function to the heart of many animals if small amount, and has inhibition effect if large amount. At the same time the ginsenosides can reduce the lactate content of brain and myocardial under the condition of severe hypoxia, and it can restore the ratio of anoxic myocardial cAMP/cGMP, to protect the myocardial capillary endothelial cells and to reduce mitochondrial damage effect, which can ease stimulation of the patients’ heart when both aerobic and anaerobic sudden change after the operation.
Aging refers to degenerative changes of the human body. It is becoming more and more obvious accompany with the increase of age.
Many kinds of ginsenosides in the panax ginseng extract are thought to have antioxidant and anti-aging effect, which can improve the thinking ability and body vitality and balance the excitation of the nervous system, so as to improve people’s mental and physical labor efficiency, and increase the resistance to aging.
Researches on the drugs of anti-tumer are always international concerns. Not only do traditional anti-tumer drugs have a effect on clearing the tumor cell toxicity, but also it has the affection to inhibit normal cells, which limit the traditional drugs’ application in the treatment. So more and more scientists are searching for natural anti-tumer drugs without side effects.
Some clinical studies have confirmed the anti-tumer efficacy of panax ginseng extract and it has become one of the most attractive natural antitumor drugs.
In recent years, more and more panax ginseng extract anti-tumer researchs have proved its medicinal value. So panax ginseng extract has become one of the new natural Substitutes of anti-tumer durgs.
5 Side effects of Panax Ginseng Extract
Ginseng has been more than thousands years’ clinical application in the history of China. there were no obvious poisoning cases. Also it has been confirmed by foreign researchers, especially Japan researchers that panax ginseng extract has very weak toxicity and Long-term using panax ginseng extract will not cause side effects.
But it is also said by other researchers that long-term using panax ginseng extract will cause the elevation of blood pressure. So it is better to take the ginseng under the guidance of doctors.
6 Dosage of Panax Ginseng Extract
The methods for ginseng taking are quite a few. Panax Ginseng can be directly taken, or made into foods and dishes; no matter what to do, a principle shall be obeyed, that is: the scientific taking and no excessive dosage. An adult generally takes not more than 3g finished panax ginseng(dried ginseng) or not more than 10g fresh panax ginseng everyday.
Chewing Method: Directly cut Panax Ginseng into small pieces or blocks, put them in the mouth and chew them slowly and then swallow them. Such a method is simple but can completely absorb effective ingredients and play the role of beautification as well.
Stewing method: Cut panax ginseng into thin pieces, put them in the pot with cover, add appropriate water, stew them for 30 minutes and take.